Things you should know about cataract(motiya)

Things you should know about cataract(motiya):

What are cataracts?
A cataract is a cloudy area in the lens of your eye. Cataracts are very common as you get older.

Cataract symptoms:

* Clouded, blurred or dim vision.
* Increasing difficulty with vision at night.
* Sensitivity to light and glare.
* Need for brighter light for reading and other activities.
* Seeing "halos" around lights.
* Frequent changes in eyeglass or contact lens prescription.
* Fading or yellowing of colors.

Am I at risk for cataracts?

Your risk for cataracts goes up as you get older. You’re also at higher risk if you:
* Have certain health problems, like diabetes
* Smoke
* Drink too much alcohol
* Have a family history of cataracts
* Have had an eye injury, eye surgery, or radiation treatment on your upper body
* Have spent a lot of time in the sun
* Take steroids (medicines used to treat a variety of health problems, like arthritis and rashes)
If you’re worried you might be at risk for cataracts, talk with your doctor. Ask if there is anything you can do to lower your risk.

How can I prevent cataracts?

You can take steps to protect your eyes and delay cataracts.
* Wear sunglasses and a hat with a brim to block the sun.
* Quit smoking.
* Eat healthy. Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables — especially dark, leafy greens like spinach, kale, and collard greens.
* Get a dilated eye exam. If you’re age 60 or older, get a dilated eye exam at least once every 2 years.

The good news is that surgery can get rid of cataracts. Cataract surgery is safe and corrects vision problems caused by cataracts.

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